Regional Low Intensity Conflicts. Covers November 5th to November 12th, 2017 – Current as of November 13th, 2017.
| [Read Middle East Bureau Chief John Sjoholm’s analysis of the ongoing developments in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Lebanon.]
Shia government opposition groups continue to call for nationwide protests, but have so far failed to reach a critical mass with the majority of resulting public gatherings contain less than 15 people. Security forces made minor arrests relating to Shia opposition groups. The government is however reporting that 2017 have seen a noteworthy increase in Shia government opposition related violence.
-November 10th, Buri, Bahrain
The Buri pipeline structure was attacked and disabled. The Bahrain Ministry of Interior (MoI) confirmed that the attack on November 11th, stating that it was “an intentional act undertaken by terrorists”. The attack was carried out by the use of plastique explosives mounted on several points of the pipeline, by the entry point to a distribution station, which were then detonated. The explosion has been described as having been quite large, and caused extensive damages to multiple structures. The MoI’s statement also specified that it believed that the attackers were supported by Iran. A Shiite militia group called al-Ashtar Brigades have claimed the attack, and a series of other similar attacks.
Egyptian security forces continued their nationwide operations against safe houses and individuals believed to be affiliated with the Islamic State. At least 20 individuals believed to be affiliated with the Islamic State have been detained in the past week.
Security forces continue their operations against the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), and associated organizations, throughout the country. In the past week several raids have been conducted against believed safe houses and individuals with alleged MB affiliations. According to reports, the raids resulted in at least 18 individuals having been detained, and at least 6 individuals dead.
Security forces have continued their nationwide crackdown on safe houses and individuals believed to be affiliated with the Islamic State. Several raids were carried out this past week, resulting in at least 205 individuals believed to have Islamic State affiliations having been detained. The majority of which have been described as foreigners.
Security forces also continued their long-standing nationwide crackdown on safe houses and on individuals believed to be affiliated with the Kurdish political and/or militant opposition. Several raids were carried out this past week, resulting in at least 4 arrests.
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)
Security forces continue their operations to counter the rising militant insurgency throughout the Kingdom. In the past week several raids have been conducted against believed safe houses and individuals with alleged militant affiliations. According to reports, the raids resulted in at least 7 individuals having been detained, and at least 2 individuals dead.
The Shi’a al Houthi militia in Yemen continue to send ballistic missiles aimed at population centers in Saudi Arabia. The majority of incoming missiles are reportedly shot down by the Saudi surface-to-air system (SAM), operated by the Royal Saudi Air Defense forces, which consists primarily of a series of US provided MIM-104 Patriot systems. The al Houthi tend to utilize variations of Soviet-era designed ballistic missile systems. One such example is the Qaher-1 missile, which is an improved variation of the Soviet SA-2 short to medium range ballistic missile design. There were 4 casualties reported due to al Houthi missile strikes this week.
-November 5th, Riyadh, KSA
At least 7 individuals have been released from the nationwide corruption probe. On November 4th a total of 224 individuals were detained as part of wide spanning arrests on order by Crown Prince Salman, who heads a powerful new anti-corruption committee. The anti-corruption committee was created by decree of King Salman on November 4th.
-November 5th, outside of the Rida Reserve, west of Abha, Asir Province, KSA
A helicopter transporting Prince Mansour bin Muqrin and 7 other Saudi officials crashed, with all onboard perishing. No official cause for the incident has been released.
-November 5th, Riyadh, KSA
Saudi authorities claim that the remains of a series of ballistic missiles fired from al Houthi controlled areas in Yemen into KSA indicate that the missile parts were built by Iran. At least one of the missiles were allegedly aimed at the Riyadh international airport, and one other aimed at the capital itself. All of the missiles in question were intercepted by the Saudi missile shield system, featuring the MIM-104 Patriot system, resulting in none of the missiles reaching their intended targets.
Iran responded to the claims, referring to the allegations as “contrary to reality and dangerous.”
-November 5th, Riyadh, KSA
In response to the ballistic missile investigation, and the resulting accusations against Iran and the al Houthis in Yemen, the Saudi-led anti-Houthi coalition closed Yemen’s ground, air, and sea ports. These ports are intended to only be closed temporarily, while security measures are undertaken. Humanitarian shipments are still allowed in through these ports.
-November 8th, Riyadh, KSA
Additional arrests were carried out under the authority of the anti-corruption committee throughout November 8th. At least 12 individuals are believed to have been arrested, and hundreds of bank accounts frozen.
-November 9th, Adma, Mount Lebanon governorate, Lebanon
A Saudi national was kidnapped on the evening of November 9th as he was leaving his residence. Lebanese security forces carried out a series of operations to retrieve the individual in the days following, resulting in at least one incident near Baalbak. During a raid against a safe house one Lebanese soldier was killed and four others were injured during a fire exchange. Several stolen items, including vehicles, were found on the premise, along with weapons and drugs. The Saudi national remains in captivity, and a ransom demand of $1 million US Dollars have been made. The kidnapping is believed to have been carried out by a Hezbollah affiliated group.
-November 9th, Riyadh, KSA
King Salman appointed 30 new judges and promoted 26 judges at different levels of the judiciary system. The royal order comes amid the anti-corruption purge, which has resulted in several judges being detained.
-November 9th, Riyadh, KSA
A statement broadcast by the state-run Saudi Press Agency called on Saudis who are currently in Lebanon to depart “immediately” and also warned them not to travel to the country.
-November 9th, al Bukamal, Eastern Syria
The Syrian Ministry of Defense (MoD) announced the capture of al Bukamal, the last major city in Eastern Syria to have remained under the control of the Islamic State, on November 9th. The city is a vital city near the Iraqi border, and considered to have be a gateway for logistics.
Iraq and Kurdistan
-November 5th, Kirkuk, Iraq
A coordinated set of attacks by 2 suicide bombers killed 5 people, and wounded 20, on November 5th. The attacks struck inside a Shiite controlled enclave of Kirkuk, under the control of Moqtada al Sadr’s militia group Saraya al Salam.
-November 6th, Baghdad, Iraq
Iraq’s Supreme Federal Court ruled that no region or province can secede without central governmental approval. This ruling is in direct response to the opposing Kurdistan Regional Government viewpoint. A referendum of independence from Iraq was carried out by the Kurdistan Regional Government on September 25th, which has lead to violent clashes and civil disruption in Iraq.
-November 7th, Tehran, Iran
Tehran and Islamabad (Pakistan) have agreed to further commit to a bilateral security cooperation and intelligence sharing agreement between the two countries. Pakistani Army Chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa said that the agreement will secure the border area, and to safeguard against invasions.
-November 5th, Khor Maksar District, Aden, Yemen
A Suicide Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device (SVBIED) detonated at a security checkpoint in Aden on November 5th. The explosion killed 15 people, and wounded at least 20. The attack occurred outside of the main security headquarters in Khor Maksar. The local chapter of the Islamic State has claimed responsibility for the attack, but is yet to provide customary evidence.
-November 7th, Mogadishu, Somalia
The African Union peacekeeping troops announce that it will begin to withdraw from Somalia as of December. Over 1,000 AMISOM troops are set to leave during December, with 1,800 remaining. The intent is to have 500 local police officers trained by the beginning of next year. AMISOM are comprised of troops from Uganda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti.
Israel and Palestine
-November 9th, Jerusalem, Israel
Israel is presently holding its “largest-ever air drill, with pilots from eight countries and dozens of aircraft simulating combat scenarios and facing off in training exercises.” The training operation is codenamed “Blue Flag,” and includes participants from the United States, Germany, France, and India.
LIMA CHARLIE, MENA Desk
Lima Charlie provides global news, insight & analysis by military veterans and service members Worldwide.
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